What is Speech to Text (STT) or Palantypists?
STT: the basics
Speech to Text reporters – sometimes known as Palantypists – are able to create a verbatim record of a meeting in real time. By using special keyboards they are able to keep up with the speed of speech. The text appears simultaneously on the reporter's laptop screen or is projected onto a larger screen for users to read.
Who uses STT?
Speech to Text is frequently used by people who were born hearing and later have hearing loss or become deaf. It is appropriate for someone whose first or preferred language is English rather than British Sign Language (BSL), and who is comfortable reading scrolling text from a computer screen.
What types of meetings can use STT?
Speech to Text can be provided for meetings of any size, from small committee meetings to huge conferences. We can provide all the equipment you need. For small meetings and a single users, usually the reporter’s own laptop is enough. For large conferences, we provide complete plasma screen or overhead screen setups.
A reporter's skills and training
STT reporters generally start their careers as stenographers or palantypists in courts. After spending several years improving their skills and their speed, some court reporters choose to train as STT reporters. In order to be considered fully qualified, they must be CACDP-registered, a process that includes deaf awareness courses and live assessments.
Reporters use either stenograph or palantype machines. Both are types of machine shorthand. Rather than typing every letter, reporters type 'chords' - groups of keys that represent syllables or words. Trained STT reporters can type up to 220 words a minute – fast enough to keep up with the speed of speech.